Dating methods used in an archaeological excavation
It is thus a subject having a multidisciplinary approach, wherein every small thing matters.♣ On the Basis of Nature of Work♣ On the Basis of Historic Time Period Archaeology is of several types, and each demands either specific or multiple specializations.
The various kinds of archaeologies have been classified into two categories, viz., on the basis of the nature of work that is involved, and on the basis of historic time periods.
This shows how artistic sensibilities travel from one time period to the other.
Environmental archaeology answers questions relating to the kind of natural habitat that the ancient people were surrounded by, the plants and animals living in that age, varieties of wild and cultivated crops, animals that were hunted and those which were domesticated, species of plants and animals that are now extinct, climatic changes that took place over a period of time, and the effects that the changes in natural environment had on the lives of the people and on their subsequent disappearance.
Environmental archaeology encompasses field studies along with laboratory experiments. Malti Nagar carried out an ethnoarchaeological study at a chalcolithic site of Ahar in Rajasthan, India.
It involves a small-scale excavation within a given area on an archaeological site.
It considers every single household as a unit that not only portrays the social, cultural, economic, and political sensibilities of the people of a particular household/family, but also throws light on the affiliations of the society on the whole.
Environmental archaeology deals with the study of interrelationship between the ancient people and their natural environment.